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1. PASSAGE 1
Eve: Hey! How are you today, Sally?
Sally: Hi, Eve! I’m fine, thanks. What are you doing?
Eve: I’m sitting on the couch watching a TV show. It’s great!
Sally: Lucky you! I’m writing an essay. It’s for my class.
1. Eve is __________ right now.
2. Sally is ____________ an essay.
3. PASSAGE 2
Garlic is used by people all over the world. There is a place in California, in the United States, where some people really like garlic. They love it so much that they have a festival to celebrate it. They put garlic in everything. They even have garlic ice cream and garlic popcorn.
3. They have garlic ________ and garlic popcorn.
4. Some people in _____________really like garlic.
5. PASSAGE 3
Do you know what a social media manager is? Everyone does, except for my mom. Every day, I try to explain my job to her. I work for a company that makes bicycles. My job is to tell the world how great our bicycles are. How do I do that? I wake up early and write posts for social media. On weekdays, I go online around 6:00 a.m. and sometimes I work until 10:00 at night. The problem is…my mom doesn’t use social media.
It’s so silly! I explain my job to my dad, but he just doesn’t understand. I’m a fashion designer. I always get up early on weekdays because I love what I do. I have an office and most days I draw pictures of beautiful new clothes, like skirts, shirts, and jeans. I also go to stores to look at fabrics to use for my clothing. My dad thinks I’m crazy. He just goes to the store and buys clothes to wear. He doesn’t know that someone has to design it first.
5. Ricky’s mom________________ social media.
6. Diane is a ____________.
7. PASSAGE 4
It’s a little sad, but most of the time we spend as a family is using our iphones. We don’t talk much. My mother and father work and they’re too tired when they get home. My brother just plays games on her phone all evening. It’s boring. Maybe we spend a 2 hours together each day. It’s never more than that.
I’m a stay-at-home mom, and I’m having a great time with my children. When they are at school, I do housework. When they come home, I help them with their studying. After that, we spend our time having fun together. We play a lot of music and read books. I love the time I get with my children.
7. ___________ doesn’t spend too much time with the family.
8. Nicki plays ________ and _______ books.
9. PASSAGE 5
Lionfish are amazing creatures. They are also one of the most invasive and destructive sea creatures on the planet. They cause problems particularly in the Caribbean Sea. With their numbers increasing, they have caused a great deal of damage to the ecosystem.
Lionfish eat up to 80% of the small fish in a coral reef within 5 weeks. St. Lucia, an island in the Caribbean known for its clear blue waters and coral reefs, is taking action against the Lionfish. Instead of trapping or destroying the fish, the islanders are turning the Lionfish invasion to their advantage. They hunt the Lionfish instead, using the fish for a tasty dish to eat. This gives unemployed fishermen work and slows down the Lionfish population growth.
9. The Caribbean island of St. Lucia has turned the Lionfish invasion into an advantage by __________ them and using them for _________.
10. Lionfish are one of the most __________ sea creatures on the planet.
11. PASSAGE 6
According to advertising experts, an ad needs three things to make it so the person viewing it never forgets what they saw. First, it needs to be clear and simple. With TV commercials lasting no more than 30 seconds, complicated messages don’t work well. Second, ads should appeal to our senses and emotions. If we feel something, it tends to stick in our brains longer than if we just understand it. For this reason ads depend on emotional music and images of family, love, or success. Third, it needs to be surprising. It needs to be something out of the ordinary. Things that are different capture our attention like a talking animal or a cave man.
11. What are the three elements to a successful ad?
12. Ads depend on music and images of ________.
13. PASSAGE 7
My native city of Madrid, Spain is a city with an active and lively nightlife, so coming to Portland, in the United States, has been quite different.
Americans think Portland is an exciting city, but the first time I went out with some friends on a Friday night, there was nobody out in the streets. I asked my friend where everyone was! My friend had to explain to me that most social life in Portland takes place indoors. In Madrid, people are always outside and in the streets. The weekends always feel like a big celebration.
13. What makes Portland different from Madrid?
14. People are always _________in Madrid.
15. PASSAGE 8
People around the world have been reporting a mysterious sound that seems to come from the sky. Some say it sounds like trumpets. Others say it sounds like a sci-fi movie. These sounds have caused both fear and fascination. Many people have been looking for explanations. One popular theory is that the sound means the end of the world is coming. Another suggestion is that it is spaceships. However, there could be a more scientific explanation. Flares from the sun could be making these sounds.
15. What are some theories surrounding the sounds heard from space?
16. People say the mysterious sound is coming from the ________.
17. PASSAGE 9
Amy and Sean McNulty had a wonderful wedding day, but by the end of it all it ended in shock. One of Sean’s good friends got into a serious car accident after the wedding and ended up in a coma. Despite this, Amy and Sean decided to still go on their honeymoon.
At the airport, Sean realized he had left his wallet in the car. He told his bride that he would be right back, but he didn’t return.
Amy contacted the police, who found Sean wondering near the motel 3 days later. He was confused and covered in bug bites. He had no idea who he was or who Amy was. Sean could not remember any personal details from his life, not even his own mother.
Amy was now married a man who was a complete stranger to her. This was a big change considering they dated for 6 years and shared plenty of memories.
A psychiatrist said that Sean’s amnesia might have been caused by a series of stressful events, like his friend’s car accident. He explained that amnesia was like forgetting the name of a file you stored in a computer.
Fortunately, at their 1 year anniversary, Sean got his memory back. His memories came flooding back in an instant. He remembered who he was, who his wife was, and could remember shoving cake in his wife’s face at the wedding.
17. Sean’s year long amnesia was brought on by?
18. Sean got his memory back on his _____________.
19. PASSAGE 10
In the old days, people didn’t need to worry about how much sleep they got. They usually went to bed after the sunset and woke up after sunrise, but then came the electric bulb. Now we have internet, smart phones, stores that are open 24 hours, and longer hours of work. How much should we sleep?
Many of us are sleeping less on average. In 1910, most Americans slept 9 hours a night. It dropped to 7 hours in 2001. In 2009, a study by the National Sleep Foundation found that the average American got only 6.7 hours of sleep. This is less than the suggested 8 hours, but do we really need 8 hours of sleep?
Neil Stanley, a British scientist who studies sleep believes everyone’s sleep needs vary. Some people need 11 hours while others need only 3. The best way to find out is to go to bed and wake up when your body naturally wakes without the aid of an alarm clock.
19. Does everyone need to have 8 hours of sleep to feel rested?
20. The British scientist who studies sleep is ___________.
21. PASSAGE 11
Some people believe that certain objects bring them good luck, while others avoid certain things or situations that they believe might bring them bad luck. Superstitions regarding both good and bad luck are a part of everyone’s life in the United States, even if you don’t believe in them.
Some superstitions that represent good luck are not washing certain sports clothing before or after a game. For example, Susie played baseball and refused to have her mom wash her baseball socks the entire season. She would panic if she thought her mom washed them. Another example, George believed that 9 was his lucky number. He always chose this number and if he saw it anywhere, he thought he would have good luck.
21. Superstitions regarding bad luck in the United States are not very common.
22. Not _______ clothes before and after a game is good luck.
23. PASSAGE 12
Some students are opposing the requirement most universities have regarding studying a foreign language. They argue that their studies be more career oriented and not wasted on a foreign language that they might not ever use. However, this is shortsighted. It is proven that students who study two languages have a better chance of finding work. It has also been acknowledged to help improve the student’s own native language skills. Lastly, it increases the student’s understanding of self and broadens their world view through increased contact with another culture.
It is imperative that the foreign language requirement continue at universities. Eliminating it would do a great disservice to the students and forgo many opportunities to broaden the mind and expand their opportunities.
23. Students are opposing the _____________ requirements at universities.
24. Studying a foreign language increases the student’s ____________________.